2 edition of socioeconomic impact of agricultural biotechnology on less developed countries found in the catalog.
socioeconomic impact of agricultural biotechnology on less developed countries
Harold H. Lee
At head of title: Technology and Employment Programme.
|Statement||by Harold H. Lee and Frederick E.Tank.|
|Series||World Employment Programme Research Working papers -- WEP2-22/WP 199|
|Contributions||Tank, Frederick E., World Employment Programme. Technology and Employment Programme.|
A detailed retrospective of the Green Revolution, its achievement and limits in terms of agricultural productivity improvement, and its broader impact at social, environmental, and economic levels is provided. Lessons learned and the strategic insights are reviewed as the world is preparing a “redux” version of the Green Revolution with more integrative Cited by: less-developed countries will double their grain im-ports (mostly maize and wheat) by The reason is that the projected production increase of mil-lion tons in those less-developed countries will still not satisfy demand. That imported grain will come from North America, Australia, the European Union, and the former Soviet Union.
overstretched capacity of developing countries, and present challenges to develop a fully coherent policy and regulatory framework for modern biotechnology. This study makes the case for the need for an evidence base to facilitate a more coherent evaluation of the application of modern food biotechnology and the use of GM Size: 1MB. Background Despite the rapid adoption of genetically modified (GM) crops by farmers in many countries, controversies about this technology continue. Uncertainty about GM crop impacts is one reason for widespread public suspicion. Objective We carry out a meta-analysis of the agronomic and economic impacts of GM crops to consolidate the by:
and into the s - are prevailing agricultural policies and the factors which give rise to them. To an increasing extent, for the industrial countries of Europe, this policy is the common agricultural policy (c.a.p.) of the European Economic Community (E.E.C.). In the remaining developed countries, there are varying degrees of protection. The rate of expenditures on research and development in industrialized countries has an impact on developing nations as well. The higher rate of technological innovation in developed countries makes it possible for them to maintain a privileged position in international markets, particularly with respect to levels of demand and profitability.
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Request PDF | Agricultural Biotechnology and Socioeconomic Effects | Transgenic crops, an early product of agricultural biotechnology, have experienced one of the fastest adoptions of crop.
Assessing the socio-economic impacts of non-transgenic biotechnologies in developing countries A. Sonnino, Z. Dhlamini, L. Mayer-Tasch and F.M. Santucci 1 1. Introduction 1 2. Methodologies for the assessment of biotechnology applications in developing countries 3 Introduction 3 Economic assessment at microlevel (farm, household) 7 Impact of EU Bioenergy Policy on Developing Countries 9 Figure 2: Land areas under known tree plantations wholly or partly for biomas s energy in the gl obal South (Sourc e.
Agricultural Biotechnology in Developing Countries: Towards Optimizing the Benefits for the Poor addresses the major constraints. Twenty-three chapters, written by a wide range of scholars and stake-holders, provide an up-to-date analysis of agricultural biotechnology developments in Latin America, Africa and Asia.
The impact of Biotechnology on developing countries the agricultural production model associated with GM crops should not be promoted as enhancing food security and that the approach of agro-ecology is better suited to the economic, social and.
Socioeconomic aspects of biotechnology. products needed in developing countries not being developed due to market or profit considerations; and developing countries having to eat food others had rejected.
It must however be noted that these concerns are not peculiar to GM crops but rather are challenges inherent in the agricultural sector. Developing Country Perspectives 17 Modern Agricultural Biotechnology and Developing Country Food Security Per Pinstrup-Andersen IFPRI, Washington DC, USA Marc J.
Cohen IFPRI, Washington DC, USA1 State of World Food Insecurity Agricultural Development Crucial for Food Security Agricultural Biotechnology and Food Security Future Harvest Cited by: 8.
the negative impact of rural-urban migration on rural areas Migration has remarkable influences on the age and sex structure of te villagers.
In a situation where overwhelming majority of the migrants are young i.e. years, their absence from the village increases the proportion of the other group children, old men and women. global area had risen to million hectares in 18 countries (James, ). While this overall rate of diffusion is impressive, it has not been uniform.
Developed countries have dominated the use of transgenic crops and only a small number of crops and traits have received commercial acceptance (Table 1).
Six countries (the USA, Argentina. In this context, the STOA project “Agricultural technologies for developing countries” investigates the contribution of selected important agricultural production systems and their technologies as well as their management practices to higher food production and food security with focus on small-scale Size: 1MB.
Future international agricultural trade flows will be influenced by two sets of biotechnology-related factors. First, current and new government regulations, and bilateral and multilateral trade agreements; and, second, the behavior of private actors: private traders, farmers, and consumer demands and preferences.
Table 1 summarizes the results from the most comprehensive economic studies of the farm-level impacts of IR cotton in developing countries. Each of the studies was based on data from two or three seasons of commercial farm production. The figures in Table 1 reflect the average percentage difference between IR and conventional cotton for all farmers over all seasons Cited by: The developing countries can hopefully skip the high input unsustainable phase through which agriculture is now passing in developed countries and proceed immediately to more sustainable practices.
Agricultural research for the crops and problems of the poor has to proceed from the bottom up, not from the top by: Genetically modified (GM) crops have generated a great deal of controversy. Since commercially introduced to farmers inthe global area cultivated with GM crops has increased fold.
The rapid adoption of GM technology has had substantial socio-economic impacts which a vast amount of technical and non-technical literature has addressed in the. A fourfold classification of nations into food-sufficient and food-deficient and rich and poor precedes a discussion of political, economic, and cultural aspects of food policies in the United States, Europe, and selected less-developed nations.
The book also considers the prospects for scientific and technological developments as partial. The proliferated contamination of agricultural commodities by mycotoxins and their attendant toxic effects on humans and animals which consume such commodities constitutes a major concern to food safety and security.
These highly toxic food contaminants are produced by various filamentous fungi species that are ubiquitous in nature, however, favourable climatic conditions Cited by: 3.
Socio-economic Impact of Commercial Agriculture on Rural Poor and other Vulnerable Groups By C Pinder & D Wood for DFID Zambia, Feb vi • Fails to tackle past problems and reasons for failure of agricultural policies: poor governanceFile Size: KB.
The experience of the first 20 years of commercialization has confirmed that the early promise of crop biotechnology has been fulfilled. Biotech crops have delivered substantial agronomic, environmental, economic, health and social benefits to farmers and, increasingly, to society at large.
The rapid adoption of biotech crops, during the. Cooperatives, value chains and institutions create the infrastructure for relationships to be developed, forming the basis for building social capital and contributing to socio-economic intensification through peer to peer learning , ,  and better access to flows of products, knowledge and information.
Introduction. This study presents the findings of research into the global economic and environmental impact of genetically modified (GM) crops since their commercial introduction in and updates the findings of earlier analysis presented by the authors in AgBioForum 8(2&3).
Lee, and E. Tank () ‘The Socioeconomic Impact of Agricultural Biotechnology on Less Developed Countries’, World Employment Programme Research, Working Paper No. Geneva: ILO. Google ScholarCited by: 8.with the next generation of transgenic crops. The second section focuses on policy, beginning with a general discussion of the context in which environmental risk from transgenic crops should be framed and then moving on to specific topics that may arise as policies for the next generation of transgenic crops evolve.